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The origins of wine trace back to between the 5th and 6th millennium A.D. Around the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea the Thracians established themselves on the grounds, made a sacred drink and started the cult of Dionysus. Numerous are the monuments and objects from that era that attest to the viticulture traditions of the Thracians (effigy to Dionysus, containers, chalices, money). The tradition was passed down through the centuries and rests strongly anchored in the Bulgarian customs despite the limitations imposed by the Ottoman rule, since Bulgaria today is among the principal producers and exporters of wine in the world.
The vineyards stretch out over 145,200 ha, covering half of the country and producing more than 2 million hectolitres par year. The diversity of climates and terrains permits the production of a wide range of original wines (more than 200 types of wine).
5 major wine producing regions can be distinguished in Bulgaria:
In the North
The Danube Valley with its continental climate and it strong sunshine produces intensely coloured, fruity red wines issued from local grape varieties: Gamza and Dimiat and the French variations Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
In the East
The region of the Black Sea with its hot climate and late autumn permits the production of the best strong, dry white wines coming from the Riesling, Chardonnay, Muscat Otonel, Uni Blanc and Aligote variations.
In the Centre
The sub-Balkan region, in the heart of the Valley of Roses is principally the producer of red wines created from the local grape variation Misket as well as Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon.
In the South-West
The valley of the river Struma and its mild climate allows for the production of red wines. The grape varieties that we find are Chiroka Melichka, Pamid, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
In the South
In the Valley of the Thracians we find a concentration of 35% of the Bulgarian vineyards and 60% of the red wine varieties of the country (Merlot, Mavroud, Cabernet, Muscat Otonel, Pamid and Pinot Noire). The area equally proposes sparkling wines.
Essentially rural, the country celebrates the day of the Wine grower (Trifon Zarezan) on February 14. Each family makes its own wine that you will taste in view of the generous hospitality of the inhabitants.
Take the wine route, discover the friendliness of the vaults and share a happy moment in good company.