The museum contains artifacts that are very important for our history – two houses from the Neolithic Period, the best preserved in Europe from this time period. Dating from the 7th century B.C, their preservation is due to a fire that destroyed the village the houses belonged to. The houses were buried for millennia, and contain many everyday objects from the time period, still in very good condition.
They share a roof made of straw and clay, but are separated by a common wall, thereby forming two homes. The houses are built out of wooden stakes, interlaced with thin rods, coated with a mixture of clay and straw.
The site was discovered in 1968, where a significant amount of ceramic artifacts (around 80-120 containers per house) were also found, as well as burnt grains of wheat, barley, lentils, and instruments that indicate the level of agricultural development in the early Neolithic period.
The Museum houses a permanent exhibition – “Prehistoric Art in Stara Zagora”, which consists of pottery, ritual objects, and ornaments made of marble, bone, clay and shells. The objects provide information about people’s beliefs at the time, including the cult of the sun, fertility, and the Mother Goddess. The museum also contains the most ancient marble figure (dated to the 7th millennium B.C.) found in Bulgaria, and models of the Neolithic houses found during excavations, which provide a clear idea of what they looked like.